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Iran has 163.6 million hectares of land, of which 30 million hectares is arable. Currently, 18 million hectares are being utilized for crop growth and animal husbandry and approximately 28% of the population lives in rural areas. The sector remains a large contributor to the economy, making up 10% of the country’s GDP, 45% of non-oil exports, and 80% of domestically consumed foodstuffs, according to the ECO Trade and Development Bank. The production of crops represents up to two-thirds of total agricultural income, with major agricultural products including wheat, milk, fruits, nuts, potatoes, tomatoes, rice, barley, and grapes.

 

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