Iran Agricultural Industry
One of the most important sectors in today’s Iran, both economically and socially, is agriculture. Over the last 20 years, the country has regained its self-sufficiency in agricultural production and increased its food security index to 96%, and exports have begun to increase rapidly. Through making use of its natural advantages such as climate and geographical diversity, and through improving mechanization levels and irrigation methods, the country aims to strengthen this position in the future and increase the share of agricultural output in its export basket.
Iran has 163.6 million hectares of land, of which 30 million hectares is arable. Currently, 18 million hectares are being utilized for crop growth and animal husbandry and approximately 28% of the population lives in rural areas. The sector remains a large contributor to the economy, making up 10% of the country’s GDP, 45% of non-oil exports, and 80% of domestically consumed foodstuffs, according to the ECO Trade and Development Bank. The production of crops represents up to two-thirds of total agricultural income, with major agricultural products including wheat, milk, fruits, nuts, potatoes, tomatoes, rice, barley, and grapes.